Visit an art museum ,You should describe one piece of art from each of the following centuries, write an essay reflection.
Title of the Piece - Doña María de los Dolores Gutiérrez del Mazo y Pérez
Artist - José Campeche, Puerto Rican, 1751-1809
Dated- 18th century, 1796
Civilization – Spanish
Importance of the piece is that it is an important contribution towards the thriving field of Spanish colonial art; Behind Closed Doors uncovers how the art and extravagance merchandise together signaled the personality and status of Spanish Americans attempting to assert their place in a fluid New World hierarchy.
Artistic Movement – Art in the Spanish American Home
Type – European Art, Painting
A description of the piece - José Campeche depicted Doña María de los Dolores, a member of Puerto Rico’s Spanish colonial elite, in a fashionably informal dress around the time of her marriage to Don Benito Pérez, a fellow Spaniard and the future viceroy of New Granada. Campeche was the island’s celebrated portrait and religious painter. His father was an imprisoned Puerto Rican of African heritage who bought his freedom after functioning as a painter and gilder, and his mother was a white Spanish woman.
I choose this topic because, this is an art from the 18th century which talks about the important contribution towards the burgeoning area of Spanish colonial art, Behind Closed Doors reveals; Behind Closed Doors uncovers how art as well as extravagance items together signaled the personality and standing of Spanish Americans attempting to assert their place in a fluid New World chain of command. Therefore, Yes I like it, because it is defining the Art in the Spanish American Home 1492-1898 of the 18th century.
This piece of art says about the time period that, José Campeche depicted Doña María de los Dolores, a member of Puerto Rico’s Spanish colonial elite, in a fashionably informal dress around the time of her marriage to Don Benito Pérez, a fellow Spaniard and the future viceroy of New Granada. Near the beginning of the 16th century, the Spanish practices of characterizing standing all the way through prominent utilization as well as domestic show was built up in the Americas by Spaniards who had prepared the transoceanic crossing looking for their fortunes. Within a hundred years, Spanish Americans of every legacy had combined awesome assets and had procured extravagance products from around the world. However, all things considered, the Spanish crown denied the region’s new rich group of pupils, the similar political and financial prospects from their European- born corresponding persons. New World influential class reacted by attesting their economic standing through the show of astounding items at home as pointed indications of the empire’s reliance on silver and additional New World assets.
The private habitations of influential Spaniards, Creoles (American-born white Spaniards), mestizos, as well as indigenous individuals rivaled churches as vital archives for the very well and decorative arts. Drawing mainly on the Brooklyn Museum's renowned colonial holdings, amongst the nation's finest, this book represents superb local workings in an expansive New World (Spanish and British) setting. In the articles inside, the writers guide the reader through the influential Spanish American home, lighting up en route a stunning exhibit of both foreign made and domestic household items. There, guests would experience European- inspired portraiture, spiritual works of art utilized for private dedication furthermore as signifiers of standing, and items that addressed the proprietor's societal and ethnic character. To conclude this, it is related to the matter discussed in the class as this arts help in defining the Spanish era during the 18th century and the presence of art in the elite Spanish American home.
Title of Piece - Dresser with Mirror
Artist - John Henry Belter, American, born Germany, 1804-1863
Dated – 1855, 19th century
Civilization - American
Importance of the piece is that these two dressers were produced in New York about a generation apart for style-conscious, upper-middle-class consumers. The Belter dresser, with its undulating contours and profusion of naturalistic decoration, is a masterpiece of the Rococo Revival style, while the later, ebonized dresser is in the more geometric Aesthetic Movement style. The Aesthetic Movement represented a conscious rejection of the perceived excesses of the overwrought revival style that preceded it. Its proponents urged design reforms based on Augustus Pugin’s principles, as well as new lessons learned from the art of Japan. Although both dressers were considered stylish when made, it is the simple rectilinear form and flattened, abstract decoration of the later piece that appear ―modern‖ to us today.
Artistic Movement - Aesthetic Movement style
Type – Decorative Arts, furniture
I chose this topic because, Belter's way to deal with Rococo incorporates 17th century themes for decoration. Carvings on 18th century Rococo furniture pieces were easier than the recovery pieces. Carvings on 19th century restoration pieces were recognized by characterized points of interest and clarity of the carvings. Therefore, The Belter dresser, with its undulating contours and profusion of naturalistic decoration, is a masterpiece of the Rococo Revival style, while the later, ebonized dresser is in the more geometric Aesthetic Movement style.