Synthetic Biology: What is it and How it Works?

Synthetic Biology

Synthetic biology is the field of science that concerns redesigning organisms for defined motives. This is an interdisciplinary subject. It involves applying engineering principles to biology. Synthetic biology carries various methodologies from different disciplines like genetic engineering, molecular engineering, molecular biology, membrane science, evolutionary biology, computer science, control engineering, biophysics, system biology, and biotechnology to achieve the desired results.

In recent years, synthetic biology has gained immense popularity because of its extensive use in almost every field. This subject is attractive for new learners interested in biology and technology. Virtually any science and technology course-related university provides the course with complete dedication and the best placement.

Evolution of Synthetic Biology

Friedrich Wohler, a German scientist, successfully researched synthetic biology. In 1828, he applied NH4CI (ammonium chloride) to AgOCN (silver isocyanate), which resulted in the generation of urea. Mr. Wohler synthesized an organic compound from inorganic matter. Since that day, scientists have been creating organic matter with different techniques.

In the 1970s, researchers began experimenting with recombinant DNA technology and genetic engineering. In this, they modified the genetic code of wild bacteria by injecting single wild-type genes that could alter bacterial functions.

Fields of Synthetic Biology

Synthetic biology combines various fields, such as system biology, molecular biology, engineering, Nano-biotechnology, and information technology.  It uses innovative and new automation for genetic advancement with specific aims. Here are the five areas of synthetic biology research: xenobiology, protocell construction, DNA-based circuits, synthetic genomics, and synthetic metabolic pathway engineering.

Let us discuss them one by one:

  • Synthetic Metabolic Pathway Engineering:  This research zones to rebuild and redesign metabolic pathways to generate a particular molecule. 

  • Xenobiology: It is also called chemical synthetic biology. This is the study of unusual life forms. The study is based on biochemistry. Xenobiology aims to change the biochemical building blocks of life.

  • Protocell Construction: It can be described as models of artificial cells with few properties of living organisms but not living. It aims to generate the easiest possible components for evolution, sustain reproduction, and self-maintenance.

  • DNA-Based Circuit: DNA-based circuit is the field of synthetic biology research. This research aims to rationalize the design sequences of DNA to produce biological circuits.

  • Genome Level Engineering: It is also a popular area of research on synthetic biology. It focuses on the genome as the causal engine of the cell.

Universities to Study Synthetic Biology

The high uses of synthetic biology increase the demand for researchers who can create new processes and methods to reduce the burden of sectors that depend on it. Universities and colleges provide numerous courses to produce enthusiastic young professionals or researchers. Almost all universities offer this subject in their educational curriculum. Here are the names of a few universities that provide undergraduate and postgraduate programs also Ph.D. degrees as well :

  • University of California: One of the most popular universities in the world, situated in the heart of the USA. Here you can study this program for your Master’s in Engineering.

  • Cornell University: Another famous university in the world and based in the USA. Here you can find the Synthetic Biology degree programs in different variants.

  • Duke University: A private university in California. Here the program is offered under the Master’s program in Biomedical Engineering. It is a two-year program.

  • Wisconsin University: A public research university established in 1848 in Madison, USA. The faculty of biomedical science regulates this program under their supervision. This university is best if you want to pursue a Ph.D. degree in synthetic biology.

  • Rice University: Formerly known as Willam Marsh Rice University. Here you can study the program for a Master’s degree in Bio-engineering. You can further pursue your PhD in physical biology, synthetic, and systems.

Synthetic Biology Assignments

Synthetic biology students have to write numerous assignments and projects during their academic years. As this field relates to various other domains, students face many problems during their assignment writing. At such a moment, you could reach us, at EssayCorp, where you will get the best synthetic biology assignment help. 

We have experts with more than ten years of experience in assignment writing. Here you will get a plagiarism-free assignment within the defined time limit. So, if you are stuck with your Science assignments, please contact us and avail of the project that will yield you the best results.

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