The operating system is basically an interface that connects a computer to computer hardware. It is the software that performs various tasks like memory management, process management, files management, handles the input as well as the output, and controls peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers. In a nutshell, an operating system executes all the programs and functions by acting as an interface between the computer hardware and the user. With the emergence of newer technologies every day, a number of new trends in operating systems are emerging too; this blog will describe all the latest trends in operating systems.
Functions Of An Operating System:
An operating system (OS) performs a lot of functions for the computer and the computer hardware. The functions are mentioned below:-
- Management of the memory of the computer
- Management of the device
- Management of file
- Management of the process
- Control over system performance
- Aids for error detection
- Accounting of jobs
- Coordination between the software and the users
Some Popular Trends In Operating Systems:
Linux operating system – The Linux OS is an open-source operating system. It is basically a cross-platform operating system that is distributable and is based on Linux which can be easily installed on PCs, mobile phones, tablets, laptops, gaming consoles, supercomputers, and more. Some of the popular OS distributions of Linux are Ubuntu, Debian, Fedora, OpenSUSE, and Red Hat.
MAC operating system – Mac is the abbreviated form of the Macintosh operating system. This system is the brainchild of the Apple Inc. developers. This OS is basically a graphical interface-based operating system. Though we have the Macintosh operating system from 1984, this operating system comes up with a new and the latest set of OS platform statistics, operating system demographics, and many new and innovative trends for the operating systems.
Android operating system – The Android operating system emerged in the last few years and has now become a very important part of the operating system family. Like other operating systems, it too comes up with newer and better technologies after intervals of time.
Windows operating system – The Windows series of operating systems is the brainchild of Microsoft Inc. the windows operating system comes up a new operating system every year with a set of new OS platform statistics, operating system demographics, and many other modified features. The latest version of the operating system from windows is Windows 10S and every year Microsoft provides us with the latest operating system.
Changing Trends In OS:
The Macintosh operating system is the first OS launched ever, though we see that Windows is gaining more popularity as it sold itself to the companies like IBM.
We have seen a lot of OS adding touchscreen control, because of the rise of touch screen-enabled operating systems such as mobile phones, tablets, etc. in the same way this technology is emerging in PCs and laptops at a faster pace and it is because of this, the OS usage is also increasing. The touch screen approach has simplified a lot of operations in the operating system.
Earlier operating systems were limited just to computers but today different operating systems are associated with different purposes. For example, the Ios and Android are developed specifically for smartphones and tablets, while Mac OS and Linux are developed specifically for laptops and computer systems. Some of the operating systems such as Windows are being used by both smartphones as well as PCs.
Reasons For Increasing OS Usage:
There are a lot of reasons behind the emergence of new trends in the OS. A major reason is that they are designed in such a way so, that they can be used to work even in low-power devices such as mobile phones. OS these days are expected to accept the inputs from the touchscreens and hence, it becomes essential to use operating systems in touch screen functionality devices.
These days OS are being designed on the basis of the specific design they will be used for and hence, different devices require different forms of operating systems. Another very important reason is that the OS is used on different platforms such as wearable technologies and embedded devices which eventually leads to an increased OS usage.
OS has already been a reliable and helpful source of technology for a lot of years now. But, with the faster pace of modernization as well as the emergence of new technologies, we have witnessed numerous new trends in operating systems. These new trends make it easy to match the pace with the growing needs of technology in the world.