Explained: Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis

Explained: Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis

Cost-volume-profit analysis is used to ascertain the contrasting costs and volume and their impact on a company’s income, such as operating and net. In simpler terms, it can define as the analytical tool that exercises the relationships of price, cost structure and volume etc., to estimate the influence of different management decisions.

Numerous assumptions take place during the cost volume profit analysis:

  • Persistency in sales per unit.
  • Variable costs remain constant.
  • The aggregate fixed costs are stable and constant.
  • All produced things are sold.
  • Due to activity dynamics, the expenses get affected.
  • If an organization vends more than a single product, it must be sold in a similar mix.

The cost-volume-profit analysis paves to demonstrate the break-even point for distinct sales volumes and cost frames. It proves to be beneficial for managers to make crucial short-term decisions related to economics. It requires determining all the costs of an organization, such as manufacturing and selling etc., as variable or fixed.

Cost-Volume Profit Analysis Formula


cost volume profit analysis formula


The fundamental cost-profit analysis formula is the price per unit multiplied by the number of sold units, which equals the sum of total changeable costs, the total fixed costs and accounting profit. Total variable costs equal the number of units sold multiplied by the variable cost per unit.

Objectives of Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis:

There is a deep relationship between cost, volume and profit. If the volume is enhanced, the cost per unit will decline, and the profit per unit will also increase. That is why there is an outright association between cost and profit but contrary relation between volume and cost. Scrutiny of this association has emerged as fascinating and essential for the cost and management auditor. This particular anatomy can be practised for profit planning, cost management, assessment of accomplishments and decision-making.

The chief objectives of cost-volume-profit analysis are mentioned below:

  • This study and analysis support forecasting the profit equitably and rightly because it is crucial to understand the relationship between profits and costs on one side and volume on the other.
  • This examination is beneficial in situating a flexible and receptive budget that signifies costs at many notches of a task. The changeable costs and sales get fluctuate now and then with the output’s volume. It is crucial and significant to measure and budget the volume for sale and changeable costs.
  • This analysis also helps assess performance and output to manage the related activities. To analyze and review the profits attained and the sustained costs. It is essential to evaluate and assess the impact on variant costs in the volume.
  • The cost-volume-profit analysis also helps compose the different price policies by showcasing the reaction and impact of fluctuating price frames on the cost and profits. Here the pricing factor also plays a vital role in fixing up the volumes in the dejection period.
  • This particular scrutiny and analysis help apprehend the amount of operating expense to be taxed onto the goods at numerous stages of operation. The already analyzed overhead cost is associated with the chosen and adopted volume of the production.


The cost-volume-profit analysis helps the operators and managers to discover and locate the break-even point. This also supports the efficient evaluation of the proposals related to investment. It serves as the chief basis for planning certain business operations and efforts. The method of cost-volume-profit analysis sets up the budgeting activities related to business.

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