Biotechnology is a discipline that brews the study of biology and information technology to embrace the living organisms for production and industrial intends. The term biotechnology alludes to the technology, procedure or practice that alters the living organisms in order to make them useful for human intends. Biotechnology can be understood as any scientific application that exercises the biological systems with an aim to diversify the procedures for any specific use. Microorganism like yeasts and bacteria etc. are used for various processes related to manufacturing and industrial processes. Biotechnology is apprehensive with various subjects like Biochemistry, Engineering, Chemistry, Genetics, and Microbiology etc. The applications related to biotechnology are widespread in the fields like healthcare, agriculture, waste management, animal husbandry, environmental conservation, production of energy and many more.
There are numerous topic attached with biotechnology. Some of them are listed below:
- Extracting DNA – One of the most basic topics in biotechnology is the extraction of DNA from numerous elements. To perform this particular task student can use DNA kit to extract the DNA of different foods, hair of different people, elements and ingredients from the kitchen as well can also be used. Student can also elaborate his or her study by comparing the different DNA’S before and after the connection of any other substance such as acid or alcohol etc. In this way one can ascertain one can easily determine the change in real element’s DNA when it is revealed to numerous different elements.
- Gene Expression – Gene expression is a quite significant topic under biotechnology. DNA technology is used to imitate or clone the particular one want to research or study. It is very crucial to exercise this technology before cloning. After cloning the gene, one gets to analyze and apprehend the contrasting sequences and expression of gene.
- Identifying the Supplements – This topic is of utmost significance in the field of biotechnology. After the absolute apprehension of DNA students can initiate a project that permits them to recognize the addition of supplements in a particular food or eatable. This topic explains about the usage of identical and similar materials of DNA extraction. Students can be asked to examine and identify the vitamins, glucose, minerals and fats etc. by using the DNA extraction substances and materials. The similar DNA extraction can also be used to relate and analogize the processed foods in order to discover the beneficial and healthiest of them all. The method of extraction and identification can also be experimented.
- Apprehending Enzymes – This topic of biotechnology helps in understanding the activities and working of the enzymes. The growing aversions, allergies and food contagion, how they react with other enzymes etc. are interesting topics to study under this concept of understanding enzymes. Apprehending and analyzing the enzyme interaction, the links related to enzyme creation, theories in relation to food bacteria and allergies are crucial topics under the study of biotechnology which requires the thorough comprehension of biological principles.
- Stem Cell Therapy – Under this topic students get to know about the stem cell therapy. This particular therapy helps in curing and preventing several diseases with the help of stem cells. The study of stem cells is elongated and is in trend because of many reasons. The molecules discharged from the stem cells are also taken into account to initiate an effective study that assists in medicines.
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